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Chronology: 1874 to 1907

1874 Lucy Maud Montgomery born 30 November into a family of Scots-English farmers, long established on the north shore of Prince Edward Island, Canada. Grandfathers on both sides had been prominent politicians.

1876 Death of her mother, Clara Macneill Montgomery; left by her father Hugh John Montgomery (a storekeeper) to be raised by maternal grandparents Alexander and Lucy Woolner Macneill within a large extended family in Cavendish and Park Corner, PEI.

1880-90 Spends winters in Cavendish school, summers at the seashore and in Park Corner, PEI, with her young Campbell cousins. Listens to family story-tellers, writes poetry and keeps a diary from the age of nine. Her father remarries, moves to Saskatchewan in western Canada, and starts a new family.

1890 Travels by rail with her paternal grandfather, Senator Donald Montgomery, to join her father, stepmother, and year-old half-sister and to attend high school in Prince Albert, Sask. Forms strong friendships with Laura and Will Pritchard. First publication: a poem in the Charlottetown Patriot, 1890.

1891 Half-brother Bruce born February. Essay “The Wreck of the Marco Polo” published in the Montreal Witness. In March, taken out of school to help with housework. Publishes an article “A Western Eden" in the Prince Albert Times. Returns home to PEI in August.

1891-93 In Cavendish and Park Corner; out of school for the better part of a year; in the Prince of Wales College entrance exams, she attains fifth highest marks in the province.

1893-94 Enrolls in the teacher’s course at Prince of Wales College in Charlottetown, PEI, taking a two year course in one. Publishes in College Record and Charlottetown Guardian.

1894-95 Teaches at one-room village school at Bideford, PEI. Publishes short stories and poems in Sunday School papers and Ladies’ Journal, some under pseudonyms including “Maud Cavendish” and “Maud Eglinton.”

1895-96 Studies at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. First earnings from her writing, from Philadelphia Golden Days and Boston Youth’s Companion.

1896-97 Teaches in Belmont, PEI, a rural area. Becomes secretly engaged to Edwin Simpson, a theological student and a distant cousin, preparing for Baptist ministry. Poems and stories published in American Agriculturist, Ladies’ World, Philadelphia Times, etc., signed “L. M. Montgomery."

1897-98 Teaches at Lower Bedeque, PEI. Falls in love with Herman Leard, a young Bedeque farmer, and breaks off engagement to Simpson. Grandfather Macneill’s death in March brings her back to Cavendish, to help her 76-year-old grandmother. Publishes 19 light romantic short stories and 14 poems.

1899 Death of Herman Leard. Stories published this year include one republished in Anne of Avonlea.

1900 Death of her father in Prince Albert. In magazines including Good Housekeeping, Waverley, and Family Herald, publishes 11 short stories, including “The Winning of Anne."

1901-02 Works as copy-editor in Halifax, NS, on the Daily Echo; after 7 months returns to Cavendish. Begins correspondence with Ephraim Weber, school teacher in Alberta, western Canada.

L.M. Montgomery c.1902 (JPG 8 kb)
Lucy Maud Montgomery as a young woman

1902-04 Keeps house for her grandmother, reading, writing, gardening, and acting as assistant postmistress. Settling into work as a professional writer, sells 103 stories in this period and 92 poems. A new teacher, Nora Lefurgey, boards at the Macneill farm and joins LMM in writing a frivolous diary. Begins a long-lasting correspondence with George Boyd Macmillan, journalist in Scotland. Stories from this period will reappear in Chronicles of Avonlea, The Story Girl, and Further Chronicles of Avonlea.

1903-1905 Friendship with cousin Frederica Campbell and with Cavendish’s new Presbyterian minister, the Rev. Ewan Macdonald. Begins Anne of Green Gables.

1906 Engaged to marry Ewan Macdonald. He leaves for a year’s study in Scotland. Writes “Una of the Garden,” later revised as Kilmeny of the Orchard. Publishes 43 stories, many of them republished in other magazines and in her later collections.

1907 Anne of Green Gables accepted by L.C. Page Co. of Boston. At his urging, begins work on a sequel, Anne of Avonlea.

Forward to 1908 to 1942

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Quilting as a Metaphor

One of LMM's quilts (JPG – 73kb)

One of Lucy Maud Montgomery's quilts.